Three types of Carrageenans, Kappa, Lambda and Iota. They are the number one vegan and kosher alternative to bovine gelatin
Calcium Lactate Gluconate is white powder that is popularly used in spherification to create a calcium bath. The three most common sources for calicium for the calcium bath are calcium chloride, calcium lactate, and calcium lactate gluconate. Calcium chloride is 36% calcium, is inexpensive, and is very soluble in water, but has a bad taste. Calcium lactate is 13% calcium, is more expensive, and is not nearly as soluble as calcium chloride, but it tastes much better. Calcium lactate gluconate, or calcium gluconate, is only 9% calcium, is much more expensive than the other two, and is not very soluble—it needs to be dissolved in hot water, but is flavorless. In recipes, calcium chloride baths are usually between 0.8 – 1.5%. Calcium lactate and calcium lactate gluconate are usually used in quantities between 2–5%.